Treatment of Kidney Stone


What is Kidney Stone?

The main role of the kidneys is to remove the waste or excess products from the body by forming urine. All the waste products come outside when we pass urine. 

But in the condition when there is too much waste in the blood and kidneys are not producing the required amount of urine, the crystals of waste products start to get deposited in the kidneys. 

These crystals attract other wastes and chemicals to make a solid object (a kidney stone) that will get larger with time until it is passed out of the body through urine.

A kidney stone may look like a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball.

Types of Kidney Stones

Mainly, there are four types of kidney stones:

  1. Calcium Oxalate:
    It is the most common type of kidney stone and is created when calcium combines with oxalate in the urine. Lack of calcium and fluid consumption may result in this type of kidney stone.
  2. Uric acid:
    It is also a common type of kidney stone. Consumption of foods like organ meats, shellfish, or others having a high amount of natural chemicals, called purines, leads to a higher production of monosodium urate, which forms stones in the kidneys. These types of stones have a tendency to run into families.
  3. Struvite:
    This type of stone is caused by infections in the upper urinary tract and is less common in kidney stone patients.
  4. Cystine:
    These stones are rare and tend to run in families. 

Causes and risk factors of Kidney Stone?

Anybody can get affected with kidney stones, while some are more likely than others to have them. Males get kidney stones more easily than females. 

There are several more factors that increase the risk of kidney stones:

  • Poor water intake
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Being overweight
  • Eating food with excess salt or sugar
  • Family history of kidney stones
  • Eating too much fructose
  • Use of certain medications such as diuretics or calcium based antacids

What are the symptoms of Kidney Stone?

Small-sized kidney stones move easily through the urinary tract and are difficult to detect. There are no symptoms of small kidney stones, and the patient may never know that he had kidney stones.

However, a larger kidney stone may show the following signs and symptoms:

  • Pain while passing urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sharp pain in lower abdomen or back

Treatment of Kidney Stone

The first approach to remove kidney stones is to drink a lot of water. Doctors try to let the stone pass without surgery. But in the case of large kidney stones, or if the stone blocks the flow of urine, doctors perform the surgical procedures.

One treatment option is shock wave lithotripsy. This treatment uses shock waves to break up kidney stones into small pieces. After the treatment, the small pieces of the kidney stone will pass through your urinary tract and out of your body with your urine. 

Another treatment option is ureteroscopy. This treatment is also done under general anesthesia. The doctor uses a long tool shaped like a tube to find and remove the stone or to find and break the stone into small pieces. If the stone is small, the doctor may be able to remove it. If it is large, it may need to be broken into pieces. In this case, a laser will be used to break the stone into pieces that are small enough to pass through your urinary tract.

Book an appointment at Grecian Hospital

Grecian Hospital

If you’re looking for the treatment of your or your near one’s kidney stone problem, then you should visit Grecian Super Speciality Hospital for best-in-class treatment at very reasonable prices.

The hospital is 300 bedded and equipped with the latest technology surgery machines and all the doctors here possess vast experience in kidney stone surgeries or various other chronic health-related issues too. Modern equipment, caring staff nurses, emergency department, and all essential needs are available here for proper care of the patients. 

You can book an appointment to consult a doctor for your health checkup by just dialing 62837-05192 or visit the hospital located at Sector 69, Mohali- 160062, Punjab. 

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