Total Hip Replacement (THR)
What is total hip replacement (THR)?
How does TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT (THR) help?
This surgery is performed when parts of the hip joint are damaged or broken. This can put a lot of stress on other parts of the body which could result in further severe problems. To prevent this doctors suggest a knee replacement surgery. It reduces pain and improves functioning of the damaged hip joint.
How is total hip replacement (THR) done?
medical history, and an understanding of the overall health of the person.
Before the surgery doctors carry out X-rays, physical examinations, check for surgical histories and allergies. A variety of tests are done like X-rays, ECG scans and blood tests. Doctors check to ensure that the implant is biocompatible and does not trigger allergic reactions.
After the anaesthetic effect spreads throughout the body the doctors make an incision in the abdomen. Then they remove the damaged cartilage of the acetabulum and the femur. After that a metal socket is attached to the walls of the acetabulum onto which a spacer is fixed. Then the bone of the femur is hollowed out and the implant is fixed into the bone. Finally, a metal ball is used to replace the damaged bone tissue.
After the surgery the doctor prescribes some pain killers and the patient stays under observation for a few days. The patient is advised to move around as it increases the blood flow to that region, reducing the swelling, for better mobility.
How does total hip replacement (thr) help?
- Prevents pain and loss of movement.
- Removes the damaged hip bone.
- Improves movement
- Better strength and coordination of the torso and leg.
- Change in leg length
- Blood clots
- Allergic reactions
- Pain and swelling
- Implant wear
- Loosening of the joint
- Patients above the age of 65 may develop infections.
- The patient cannot bend the hips more than 90 degrees.
- Legs should not be left to put on socks.
- Crossing the legs should be avoided.