TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT

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Total Hip Replacement (THR)

What is total hip replacement (THR)?

This is a procedure where the damaged bone and cartilage is surgically replaced with a prosthetic. These prosthetics are made of ceramics, titanium, plastic etc. It usually involves the use of an implant.

How does TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT (THR) help?

This surgery is performed when parts of the hip joint are damaged or broken. This can put a lot of stress on other parts of the body which could result in further severe problems. To prevent this doctors suggest a knee replacement surgery. It reduces pain and improves functioning of the damaged hip joint.

This surgery is performed when parts of the hip joint are damaged or broken. This can put a lot of stress on other parts of the body which could result in further severe problems. To prevent this doctors suggest a knee replacement surgery. It reduces pain and improves functioning of the damaged hip joint.

How is total hip replacement (THR) done?

The first step of diagnosis is a basic physical examination to understand the symptoms, family history,
medical history, and an understanding of the overall health of the person.
Preparation
Treatment Procedure
Post Treatment

Preparation

Before the surgery doctors carry out X-rays, physical examinations, check for surgical histories and allergies. A variety of tests are done like X-rays, ECG scans and blood tests. Doctors check to ensure that the implant is biocompatible and does not trigger allergic reactions.

 

 
 

Treatment

After the anaesthetic effect spreads throughout the body the doctors make an incision in the abdomen. Then they remove the damaged cartilage of the acetabulum and the femur. After that a metal socket is attached to the walls of the acetabulum onto which a spacer is fixed. Then the bone of the femur is hollowed out and the implant is fixed into the bone. Finally, a metal ball is used to replace the damaged bone tissue.

 
 

Post treatment

After the surgery the doctor prescribes some pain killers and the patient stays under observation for a few days. The patient is advised to move around as it increases the blood flow to that region, reducing the swelling, for better mobility. 

 

Causes

Alcohol and tobacco use (including smokeless tobacco, sometimes called “chewing tobacco” or “snuff”) are the two most important risk factors for head and neck cancers, especially cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. Following are the causes of Head and Neck Cancer:

How does total hip replacement (thr) help?

Benefits
Complications
Limitations
  • Prevents pain and loss of movement.
  • Removes the damaged hip bone.
  • Improves movement
  • Better strength and coordination of the torso and leg.



  • Infection
  • Change in leg length
  • Blood clots
  • Allergic reactions
  • Pain and swelling
  • Dislocation
  • Implant wear
  • Loosening of the joint



  • Patients above the age of 65 may develop infections.
  • The patient cannot bend the hips more than 90 degrees.
  • Legs should not be left to put on socks.
  • Crossing the legs should be avoided.

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