Rheumatoid arthritis- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints. Within the body, joints are the points where bones come together and allow movement. Most of these joints are also called synovial joints, also provide shock absorption.
RA is an autoimmune condition, in which the body’s immune system mistakes the linings of your joints as “foreign particles” and attacks and damages them, resulting in inflammation and pain.
The joint damage that RA causes usually happens on both sides of the body.
So, if a joint is affected in one of your arms or legs, the same joint in the other arm or leg will probably be affected, too. This is one way that doctors distinguish RA from other forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis (OA).
What are the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The main symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include inflammation and pain in the joints. These symptoms and signs occur during periods known as flares or exacerbations. Other times are known as periods of remission, which is when symptoms disappear completely.
While RA symptoms can affect several organs in the body, the joint symptoms of RA include:
- Joint pain
- Joint swelling
- Joint stiffness
- Loss of joint function and deformities
Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Normally, the body’s immune system helps protect your body from infection and disease. But in rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system attacks healthy tissue in your joints. It can also cause medical problems with your heart, lungs, nerves, eyes, and skin.
Doctors don’t know what is the actual reason behind starting this process, although a genetic component is assumed as the main reason. Doctors assume several environmental factors, infection with certain viruses and bacteria, as the triggers for rheumatoid arthritis.
How to treat Rheumatoid Arthritis?
There are many types of medication for RA. Some of these medications help to reduce the pain and inflammation of RA. Some help to reduce flares and limit the damage that RA does to your joints.
The following over-the-counter (OTC) medications aids to reduce the pain and inflammation during RA flares:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
For consulting the best orthopedic doctor or getting the best and effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, you can visit Grecian Super Speciality Hospital.
The hospital is 300 bedded and all the doctors here possess vast experience in handling ortho, nephrology, cardiac, or various other chronic health-related issues. Modern equipment, caring staff nurses, emergency department, and all essential needs are available here for proper care of the patients.
You can book an appointment to consult a doctor for your health checkup by just dialing 62837-05192 or visit the hospital located at Sector 69, Mohali- 160062, Punjab
Home remedies for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Here is the list of several home remedies that will prevent or aid you in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Take a look:
- Do daily exercise for at least 45 minutes
- Take proper sleep i.e. 7-8 hours daily
- Use ice packs or cold compresses to reduce inflammation and pain
- Try assistive devices such as splints and braces, which can hold the joints in a resting position