Prostate Cancer- Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
The uncontrolled growth of body cells leads to cancer. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer cells and can spread to other body parts. There are several types of cancer such as blood cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer, etc. From all these, the most emerging type of cancer from the last decade is Prostate cancer.
Each year, millions of males report prostate cancer, which interferes with the daily routine activities of an individual.
In today’s segment, you’ll read about prostate cancer, its symptoms, causes, and its various aspects.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a condition when the cells in the prostate gland begin to grow out of control.
This gland is found only in males and produces some fluid that is part of semen. The prostate gland is located under the bladder and at the front side of the rectum, i.e. the last part of the intestines.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
At early stages, there are no signs and symptoms of prostate cancer. As the disease progresses, prostate cancer begins to show the following signs and symptoms:
- Problem in passing urine
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the semen
- Bone pain
- Erectile dysfunction
- Weight loss
What are the Causes of Prostate Cancer
The exact cause of prostate cancer is not clear yet. Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate develop changes in their DNA. A cell’s DNA consists of the instructions that instruct a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do. The abnormal cells continue living while other cells would die.
The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can grow to invade nearby tissue. In time, some abnormal cells can break away and spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer
Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:
Old age: The risk of prostate cancer increases as your age passes. It’s most common after age 50.
Race: For reasons not yet determined, Black people have a greater risk of prostate cancer than do people of other races. In Black people, prostate cancer is also more likely to be aggressive or advanced.
Family history: If a blood relative, such as a parent, sibling, or child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, your risk may be increased. Also, if you have a family history of genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a very strong family history of breast cancer, your risk of being diseased with prostate cancer may be higher.
Obesity: People who are obese may have a higher risk of prostate cancer as compared to people having a healthy weight. In obese people, the cancer is more likely to be more aggressive and more likely to return after initial treatment.
How to get rid of Prostate Cancer?
You can reduce your risk of prostate cancer if you:
Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables: Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can contribute to your health.
Exercise most days of the week: Exercise improves your overall health, helps you maintain your weight, and improves your mood. Try to exercise most days of the week. If you’re new to exercise, start slow and work your way up to more exercise time each day.
Maintain a healthy weight: If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by selecting a healthy diet and exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, add more exercise and reduce the number of calories you eat each day. Ask your doctor for help creating a plan for healthy weight loss.
Book an appointment at Grecian Super Speciality Hospital
The main types of doctors who treat prostate cancer include:
Urologist: A surgeon who treat diseases of the urinary system and male reproductive system (including the prostate)
Radiation oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with radiation therapy
Medical oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with medicines such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy
You can consult all the required doctors at one place- Grecian Super Speciality Hospital located at Sector 69, Mohali (Punjab). The hospital is 300 bedded and all the doctors here possess vast experience in handling cancer, ortho, cardiac, or various other chronic health-related issues
For booking a consultation with an expert doctor, dial 6283705192. Our team is 24*7 ready to serve you.