Premature Coronary Artery Disease in Indians & the Associated Risk Factors
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) have now become the leading cause of mortality in India. A quarter of all mortality can be attributed to CVD.
Ischemic Heart Disease & stroke are the predominant causes and are responsible for more than 80% of CVD. In India, CVD death average is higher than the global average of 235/Lac of population. Some aspects of CVD epidemic in India are particular causes of concern including accelerated build-up, early age of onset (almost a decade earlier compared to the Western World) and high fatality rate.
Of particular concern to India is not only the high burden of CVDs but also the effect of these diseases on productive work force aged between 35 and 65 years. Mean age for first presentation for Acute Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack) in India is 53 years. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) that manifests at younger age can have devastating consequences on an individual, family and society. Prevention of these deaths in young people is nation’s moral responsibility.
Implementing preventive strategies which include lifestyle modification like regular exercising and following healthy dietary habits and avoiding unnecessary stress, long before the disease onset will be more cost-effective than providing intervention at the stage when disease has become well established.