Osteoarthritis- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Osteoarthritis- Grecian

Osteoarthritis- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Osteoarthritis is a common chronic joint pain condition. This disease is also called wear-and-tear arthritis, degenerative joint disease, and degenerative arthritis.

A joint is a place where two bones meet. Cartilage is a protective tissue that covers the ends of the bones. With osteoarthritis, this cartilage breaks down, causing the bones within the joint to rub together. This can cause pain, stiffness, inflammation, and various other symptoms.

OA can occur in any joint. However, the most commonly affected areas of the body include the knees, hips, shoulder, etc.

The changes in osteoarthritis mostly occur slowly over many years. Inflammation and injury to the joint cause bony changes, deterioration of tendons and ligaments, and a breakdown of cartilage resulting in pain, swelling, and deformity of the joint.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that enables nearly frictionless joint motion.

Eventually, if the cartilage wears down completely, the bone will rub on the bone.

Osteoarthritis has often been referred to as wear and tear disease. But besides the breakdown of cartilage, osteoarthritis affects the entire joint. It causes changes in the bone and deterioration of the connective tissues that hold the joint together and attach muscle to bone. It also causes inflammation of the joint lining.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis symptoms often develop slowly and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  1. Pain: Affected joints might hurt during or after movement.
  2. Loss of flexibility: You might not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion.
  3. Stiffness: Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.
  4. Swelling: This might be caused by soft tissue inflammation around the joint.
  5. Tenderness: Your joint might feel tender when you apply light pressure to or near it.
  6. Grating sensation: You might feel a grating sensation when you use the joint, and you might hear popping or crackling.
  7. Bone spurs: These extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, can form around the affected joint.

How to diagnose Osteoarthritis?

During the physical exam, your doctor will check your affected joint for tenderness, swelling, redness and flexibility.

To diagnose with Osteoarthritis, your doctor might recommend:

  1. X-rays: Cartilage doesn’t show up on X-ray images, but cartilage loss is revealed by a narrowing of the space between the bones in your joint. An X-ray can also show bone spurs around a joint.
  2. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce detailed images of bone and soft tissues, including cartilage. An MRI isn’t commonly needed to diagnose osteoarthritis but can help provide more information in complex cases.
  3. Blood tests: Although there’s no blood test for osteoarthritis, certain tests can help rule out other causes of joint pain, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
  4. Joint fluid analysis: Your doctor might use a needle to draw fluid from an affected joint. The fluid is then tested for inflammation to determine whether your pain is caused by gout or infection rather than osteoarthritis

Book your appointment at Grecian Hospital

Taking appropriate treatment at the correct time may help you in getting relief from painful osteoarthritis effectively. It can be well managed by a combination of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments. 

Grecian Hospital

Now, meet an expert Orthopedic doctor available at Grecian Super Speciality Hospital located at Sector 69, Mohali (Punjab). The hospital is equipped with the latest technology machines and surgical instruments. A team of expert Orthopedic doctors will support you both physically and mentally to robust your health in a paced manner. 

To book your appointment, call at 62937-05192 or visit Grecian Super Speciality Hospital located at Sector 69, Mohali- 160062.

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