Hypertensive Heart Disease

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What is Hypertensive Heart Disease?

Heart conditions caused because of high blood pressure are termed as hypertensive heart disease. It refers to a group of disease that occurs because of the excessive pressure on the heart. Some of them include heart failure, ischemic heart disease, left ventricular hypertrophy (excessive thickening of heart muscles). WHAT IS A HEART FAILURE? When the pumping power of the heart is weaker as compared with the normal heart or if the heart has become less elastic, such a condition is then known as Heart Failure. To compensate for this reducing power the Heart stretches its walls to such an extent that blood can flow through it, but in doing so, it weakens its own walls. As a result, the kidneys respond by retaining fluid in the body; such fluid buildups in arms, legs, ankles, feet, lungs and other organ is called congestive heart failure.

The source of epilepsy is the electrical circuits in the brain. Abnormal electrical events in the brain can cause seizures of different kinds. Epilepsy can occur due to multiple reasons including complications during birth of the baby, brain injury, stroke, brain tumours, brain infections, and abnormal development of brain can be the main cause for epilepsy, although the exact reason may remain unknown in many of the cases. Epilepsy can sometimes be related to genetic factors as well.

Epilepsy symptoms can vary according to type of seizures. A focal seizure may originate from a specific part of the brain and will manifest accordingly. A big seizure or generalised seizure is the most common type of recognised seizures. However various other types include transient confusional state, state of starring look with unresponsiveness, some abnormal movements like chewing type, swallowing, rubbing hands or speaking abnormally for a very brief period. Some of the seizures may have just up rolling of eyes with head and eyes going to one side and may have twisting of either arms or hands.

Untreated seizures can have serious results and cause harm especially related to fall and injuries to various body parts.

The common understanding and public perception regarding epilepsy is often a greater challenge than the seizures itself. Lack of awareness in general public, schools and various organizations leads to stigma of epilepsy. A person with epilepsy should be able to disclose about epilepsy in a healthy and comfortable environment including school, colleges and working places.



è Shortness of Breadth

è Swelling in the feet, ankles, or abdomen

è Difficulty sleeping flat in bed

è Bloating

è Irregular pulse

è Nausea

è Fatigue

è Greater need to urinate at Night


Abnormal twitching of one side of the body
Briefly unresponsive behaviours.
Sudden unexplained stiffening.
Sudden chewing or blinking.
Repetitive body movement that appears abnormal.
A sudden fall for no reason
Any repetitive confusional state
Brief abnormal movements during sleep
Sudden jerking of hands with dropping of objects

How is it diagnosed?


The concerned specialist will look for the following signs of hypertensive heart disease:

How is it treated?


The main purpose of the treatment is to lower the blood cholesterol level. The following medications are desired:

  • Diuretics
  • Angiotensin Receptor Blocker
  • Beta-blockers
  • ACE Inhibitors
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Vasodilators

Along with these medications some lifestyle changes too are mandatory. Following changes can be expected:

  • Healthy diet, less intake of sugar, salt and trans fat
  • Monitoring Weighting
  • Increasing the physical activities, regular exercises
  • Avoiding tobacco and alcohol
  • Regular Medical Checkups

When do I contact the doctor?

You need to consult the doctor immediately in case of seizures and blackouts. While some of these symptoms may be a result of other medical condition, it is always advisable to receive immediate medical attention. Repeated seizures can cause serious injury and must never be ignored.