How to Treat Ulcerative Colitis?
What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) can be stated as an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that results in inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the individual’s digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis usually impacts the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.
People having age between 15 and 30 years or more than 60 years are got affected by this disease.
Also, the severity of the UC depends upon the amount of inflammation and affected body part. Some people have severe inflammation in the rectum, while some have very mild inflammation in the entire colon.
Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis may vary according to the severity of the UC and the organ where it occurs. Its symptoms get worse as the disease progress. At the beginning of the UC, the patient may notice symptoms like:
- Rectal pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Diarrhea, often with pus or blood
- Urgency to defecate
- Weight loss
- Intermittent Fever
- Abdominal pain and cramping
- Anemia (loss of red blood cells)
- Joint pain
- Loss of fluids and nutrients
- Mouth sores
- Liver issue
Causes of Ulcerative Colitis
The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is not known yet. But the researchers assume that an overactive immune response is responsible for the occurrence of UC.
The immune system’s role is to defend the body against harmful germs and other substances. But when the immune system malfunctions, it begins to cause inflammation and tissue damage.
How to treat Ulcerative Colitis?
The treatment of Ulcerative Colitis also depends upon the severity of the patient. The goal of medication is to induce and maintain remission, and to improve the quality of life for people with ulcerative colitis.
Following drugs may calm down the inflammation and make the patient feel better.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
In rare cases, the patient might need surgery to:
- Prevent side effects of the medications
- Minimizing the risk of life-threatening complications such as excessive bleeding
- Stop uncontrollable symptoms
- Prevent or treat colon cancer
Lifestyle and Homemade Remedies
Several changes in lifestyle and diet may reduce the symptoms and increase the time between flare-ups.
Here are some general suggestions that may help UC patients to manage the condition:
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Consume small meals
- Limit the usage of dairy products
- Get a healthy meal to control weight loss. You can also consult a dietician
- Do daily exercise for at least 45 minutes
- Regular relaxation and breathing exercises
If you’re also looking for a well-experienced Gastroenterologist to get rid of ulcerative colitis effectively, you must visit Grecian Super Speciality Hospital at Mohali. All the doctors here are highly expert in their job and have done checkups of numerous patients on the daily basis.
Thousands of patients suffering from ulcerative colitis are successfully treated here. You can also book an appointment with the best Gastroenterologist at Grecian Hospital by clicking www.grecianhospital.com or by calling 6283705192.
Our team is 24*7 ready to serve you.