Coronary Heart Disease
What is Coronary Artery Disease?
When the heart does not receive enough blood or oxygen, patients may experience the following symptoms:
- Chest Pain
Understanding the risk factors will help the concerned person to prevent or decrease the development of CAD.
- High Blood Pressure
- High Blood Cholesterol Levels
- Tobacco Smoking
- Insulin Resistance/ Hyperglycemia/ Diabetes Mellitus
- Unhealthy Eating Habits
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Emotional Stress
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- History of preeclampsia during pregnancy
Keeping the blood cholesterol level maintained can help to reduce the risk of CAD. One can take the following measures to keep the blood cholesterol level on check:
- Being more physically active
- Limiting the alcohol content
- Avoiding Tobacco
- Adopting a diet with less sugar, salt and saturated fats.
Diagnosis of CAD includes several medical tests, along with physical examinations and a brief analysis of the patient’s medical history.
The medical tests include:
- Stress Test
- Cardiac Catheterization (left heart catheterization)
- Heart CT Scan
- Nuclear Ventriculography
- Blood Test
How is it diagnosed?
If the symptoms are not getting better with the medications, then the concerned individual has to undergo medical surgeries.
How is it treated?
- Beta –blockers
- Nitroglycerin patches, sprays or tablets
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
- Calcium channel blockers