Coronary Artery Disease

  • Home
  • Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Heart Disease

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary arteries are responsible for providing the Heart with Oxygen. When cholesterol starts building up on the arteries of the heart, it narrows it down to such extent that the transmission of blood through them becomes extremely difficult, thus resulting id Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). It is also called Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Uncontrolled CHD, i.e., when the arteries have been narrowed down to such extent, that the flow of the blood is at an extremely slow pace, then in such a case the heart muscles will start to die if not restored, this will eventually lead to a Heart Attack.
Signs & Symptoms
Risk Factors
Prevention
Diagnosis

Symptoms

When the heart does not receive enough blood or oxygen, patients may experience the following symptoms:

  • Angina
  • Chest Pain
  • Heaviness
  • Tightness
  • Burning
  • Squeezing

Risk Factors

Understanding the risk factors will help the concerned person to prevent or decrease the development of CAD.

  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Blood Cholesterol Levels
  • Tobacco Smoking
  • Insulin Resistance/ Hyperglycemia/ Diabetes Mellitus
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Unhealthy Eating Habits
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Emotional Stress
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • History of preeclampsia during pregnancy

Prevention

Keeping the blood cholesterol level maintained can help to reduce the risk of CAD. One can take the following measures to keep the blood cholesterol level on check:

  • Being more physically active
  • Limiting the alcohol content
  • Avoiding Tobacco
  • Adopting a diet with less sugar, salt and saturated fats.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of CAD includes several medical tests, along with physical examinations and a brief analysis of the patient’s medical history. 

The medical tests include:

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Echocardiogram
  • Stress Test
  • Cardiac Catheterization (left heart catheterization)
  • Heart CT Scan
  • Nuclear Ventriculography
  • Blood Test

How is it diagnosed?

If the symptoms are not getting better with the medications, then the concerned individual has to undergo medical surgeries.

How is it treated?

MEDICATIONS:

  • Beta –blockers
  • Nitroglycerin patches, sprays or tablets
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Statins
The doctor may prescribe you certain preventive drugs and antiepileptic drugs.
Ketogenic diet that is high in fats and low in carbohydrates is preferred for small children who do not respond to medical therapy.
In it, a device that electronically stimulates the vagus nerve is implanted under the skin to control seizures. Vagus nerve communicates between the brain and other internal organs.

When do I contact the doctor?

If the symptoms are not getting better with the medications, then the concerned individual has to undergo medical surgeries.

You need to consult the doctor immediately in case of seizures and blackouts. While some of these symptoms may be a result of other medical condition, it is always advisable to receive immediate medical attention. Repeated seizures can cause serious injury and must never be ignored.