COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) | Grecian Hospital
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD is a collection of progressive lung diseases. Commonly, emphysema or chronic bronchitis are seen in this condition. Many people with COPD suffer from both of these conditions.
COPD results in obstructive airflow from the lungs which further causes breathing, mucus (sputum) production, and wheezing.
People suffering from COPD are at higher risk of being diseased with heart disease, lung cancer, and many other conditions.
Although COPD is a progressive disease that gets worse over time, COPD is treatable. With proper management, most people with COPD can achieve good symptom control and quality of life, as well as reduced risk of other associated conditions.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF COPD?
COPD makes breathing difficult. COPD symptoms may mild at the initial stage, but become severe over time.
Early symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Mild but recurrent cough
- Occasional shortness of breath, mainly after exercise
- Need of clearing throat, especially when waking up in the morning
Worsening symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Body weakness
- Chest tightness
- Lack of energy
- Chronic cough
- Weight loss
- Swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet
- Frequent colds, or respiratory infections
CAUSES OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
Most people with COPD are at least 40 years old and have at least some history of smoking. The longer and more tobacco products you smoke, the greater your risk of COPD is.
In addition to cigarette smoke, cigar smoke, pipe smoke, and secondhand smoke can cause COPD. Your risk of COPD is even greater if you have asthma and smoke.
Other causes of COPD
- Exposure to chemicals and fumes
- Prolonged exposure to air pollution and inhaling dust
- Tobacco smoking
- Genetic factors
COMPLICATIONS OF COPD
Improper COPD treatment may lead to the rise of various other health-related issues, such as:
- Cardiovascular disorders
- Respiratory infections
- Increased blood pressure in lung arteries
- Lung cancer
DIAGNOSIS OF COPD
When you visit a doctor’s clinic, the doctor may ask about your medical history, family history, or complete health symptoms. For proper diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe you the following imaging and blood tests:
- CT Scan
- Chest X-ray
- Lung (pulmonary) function tests
- Arterial blood gas analysis
- Lab tests (to determine genetic disorder)
HOW TO TREAT COPD?
Doctors approach to ease the COPD symptoms and slow the disease. They treat or prevent COPD complications and enhance life quality.
Basically, the following medical treatment is given to the COPD patient:
- Combination inhalers
- Oxygen therapy
In critical COPD cases, the doctor may also suggest:
- Lung transplant
- Lung volume reduction surgery
LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES FOR COPD
Here are some lifestyle tips and home remedies that’ll help you to feel better. Take a look:
- Consume healthy diet including vegetables & fruits
- Do a daily work-out for at least 45 minutes
- Quit cigarette smoking
- Avoid exposure to air pollution
- Practice breathing exercises for better lungs health
Taking proper treatment for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is mandatory to achieve healthy lungs and breathing process. It is a disease not to worry about, but take precautions and prevent poor lifestyle habits.