Cancer is Preventable- Know how!
Nowadays Cancer is becoming most leading cause of chronic-disease related death in whole world, with nearly 10 million deaths from cancer each year. Although the global burden of cancer is elevating, but still at least one-third of all cancers are preventable, and many cases and deaths are possible to be averted with adequate precautions and early detection at initial stage only. Grecian Superspecialty hospital, Mohali is the best cancer hospital in Chandigarh and whole tricity with all diagnostic, preventive and interventional services.
Facts about Cancer you should know:-
The term Cancer is used for a condition of abnormal cell growth that may occur in any part of the body. The disease condition is characterised as rapid, abnormal cell growth that may later spread to other parts of the body through metastasis.
The most familiar types of cancer are breast, prostate, lung, stomach, colon and rectum, and skin cancers.
More than 30% of all types of cancers are preventable. The risk factors for cancer are genetics, tobacco/smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, frequent infections, alcoholism, environmental pollution, exposure to occupational carcinogens and UV radiation.
Cancer is possible to be prevented and controlled by following evidence-based strategies for prevention of cancer, prior screening and early detection, early start of treatment and palliative care to subside symptoms and decrease suffering.
The major cause of death due to cancer is the condition when this abnormal cell growth form lumps in vital organs of the human body.
Risk factors of Cancer:-
Cancer can be caused by a wide range of factors, however, more than 30% of cancers can be prevented by using an accurate precautionary approach to reduce behavioral, physical, and dietary risk factors in humans.
The use of tobacco in any form is responsible for about 22% of all cancer deaths. Although tobacco is usually smoked or chewed but is often related to numerous other cancers beyond the mouth or lungs. Tobacco has approximately 80 different cancer-causing agents and this is a major risk factor for more than 20 types of cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. More than 80% of the total 1.3 billion tobacco users worldwide belong to under or medium countries.
Alcohol consumption, even in moderation, can enhance the risk of cancers of at least six kinds including breast, mouth, pharynx, larynx (mouth and throat), oesophageal, stomach, liver, and bowel (colorectal). Alcohol is estimated to be causing about 4% of all cancer morbidity in the year 2020.
An unhealthy diet with lesser nutritional value including the food we are eating is closely associated with some cancers. There are studies with strong evidence to show that eating processed foods, especially meats like bacon, salami, ham, and sausages may cause bowel cancer in some people. Along with that, diets that are high in salt or sugar content and red meats, are the risk factors for a few cancers and numerous noncommunicable diseases too.
Obesity, in which the body tends to carry excess weight than it is supposed to carry usual, increases the risk of developing 12 types of cancers. These cancers include breast, ovarian, endometrial, liver, gallbladder, kidney, prostate, and colon.
Certain recurrent infections are more often likely to lead to cancer because viruses are capable to make changes to the composition of a cell that can further turn cancerous. These include human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, which are supposed to cause around 70% of all cervical cancers. Liver cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma may also be caused by the hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HBC) viruses.
There are some other modifiable risk factors that are linked to our personal and occupational environmental surroundings. These factors include air pollution, exposure to any manmade sources of radiation (in medical diagnosis or cancer radiation), and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays from sun and tanning beds which may also lead to skin malignancies and melanoma.
In addition to these, the risk of cancer is also related to our genetic factors and age. This happens as the longer you live, the more chance are there that you have been longer exposed to cancer-causing agents and there is more time that genetic mutations may occur in cells. To get more knowledge about the subject, please visit the best cancer hospital in Chandigarh, Grecian Superspecialty hospital.
How Cancer can be Prevented?
Creating a healthier environment that will make it easier for people to get used to the practices that prevent cancers is the first and single most important thing we can do to decrease the global burden of cancer morbidity and mortality. These precautions include reducing exposures to easily avoidable risk factors like the use of tobacco in any form, alcohol, obesity, physical inactivity, adulterated food, infections, environmental pollution, occupational carcinogens, and UV radiation. Adequate implementation of vaccination programmes for the vulnerable populations for HCV, HBV, and HPV also plays a vital role in prevention of cancer.
Minimizing exposures to other carcinogens like environmental pollution, occupational hazards and occupational/diagnostic radiation may also be helpful in prevention of cancer.
Screening, Early detection, and Treatment
If the condition is identified early, cancer is more likely to respond well to the treatment which leads to better survival outcomes, lesser morbidity rate, and less expenditure on overall treatment. This is also very positive for the psychological health of people living with cancer and increases their will to live. There are programmes that screen patients on basis of their age and risk factors, which are considered to be critical interventions. Screening tests and early detection of the disease increase the potential for recovery as appropriate treatment can be provided.
Cancer treatment involves a series of interventions which include psychosocial support, surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy aimed at curing the disease or elongating life considerably along with improvement in patients’ quality of life.
Palliative care is a form of treatment/care that is given to patients to relieve their pain or reduce suffering and make them more comfortable living with the disease instead of targeting to completely cure them. The aim of palliative care is to provide a better quality of life to the patients and the people living around them and often provided at later stages of cancer. According to the Worldwide Hospice Palliative care alliance, only below 10% of the overall need for palliative care is being met globally, where access to pain relief should be an urgent humanitarian need worldwide for all children and adults suffering from advanced cancers.
National Policies to prevent Cancer
National Cancer Control Programme is a scheme that was introduced by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in the year 1975, with priorities given to well-equipped cancer hospitals/institutions. Also, there are Tobacco control programmes that focus on reducing the consumption of tobacco products by using different strategies to decrease their sales.
Healthy diet promotion programmes are there to reduce the number of people who are obese or overweight due to excessive consumption of sugary beverages or eating unhealthy adulterated food.
Vaccination programmes for Hepatitis B and Human Papillomavirus are implemented in the country to reduce the prevalence of related cancers.
The Final words
Although cancer is a fatal disease, but still it can be prevented and suffering can also be reduced upto some extent. Early screening and detection play a crucial role in planning treatment and cure, so you can come to Grecian Superspecialty Hospital, which is the best Cancer hospital in Chandigarh, to avail an affordable diagnostic and interventional options, and get complimentary consultation from expert doctors.